THE NETWORK OF HADITH STUDIES IN INDONESIA IN THE 17TH – 19TH CENTURY
This article aims to explain the network of Indonesian Muslim scholar (ulama) regarding the hadith dissemination. However, this research used a historical approach based on Azra who tells about the welfare of Islamic kingdoms in international trading. It has given the opportunity to the Muslim to make the intellectual trip in the Middle East. The Haramayn becomes the center of hadith since the beginning of the Islamic year. It implicated in the spread of hadith studies in Indonesia which first appeared in the 17th century. The symbol of this period is Nur Ad-Din ar-Ranieri and Abd ar-Rauf as-Sinkili. Sufism is more popular than hadith study. This condition continued into the 19th century. Some Indonesian ulama Muhammad ibn Umar an-Nawawi Banten and Muhammad Mahfuz Termas gave their contribution to hadith studies, through teaching the hadith in Indonesia and the Middle East. They also wrote the hadith books.